Continuing our study in Exodus, the Israelites leave Egypt and cross the Red Sea on dry land.
[Exo 13:1-2] "Consecrate to Me all the firstborn, whatever opens the womb among the children of Israel, [both] of man and beast; it is Mine."
- God spared the firstborn of the Israelis, but required them for Himself.
- Luke 2:22-23 Every firstborn male to be consecrated: Jesus
[Exo 13:3] And Moses said to the people: "Remember this day in which you went out of Egypt, out of the house of bondage; for by strength of hand the LORD brought you out of this [place]. No leavened bread shall be eaten.
[Exo 13:4] "On this day you are going out, in the month Abib. Egyptian (Nisan)
[Exo 13:5] "And it shall be, when the LORD brings you into the land of the Canaanites and the Hittites and the Amorites and the Hivites and the Jebusites (inhabited Jerusalem), which He swore to your fathers to give you, a land flowing with milk and honey, that you shall keep this service in this month.
[Exo 13:6-8] "Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread, and on the seventh day [there shall be] a feast to the LORD.
"Unleavened bread shall be eaten seven days. And no leavened bread shall be seen among you, nor shall leaven be seen among you in all your quarters. "And you shall tell your son in that day, saying, '[This is done] because of what the LORD did for me when I came up from Egypt.'
[Exo 13:9] "It shall be as a sign to you on your hand and as a memorial between your eyes, that the LORD's law may be in your mouth; for with a strong hand the LORD has brought you out of Egypt.
- Tefillin are the black boxes attached with leather straps that Jewish men wear for morning weekday prayers. The boxes contain four crucial passages from the Torah (Exodus 13. 1-10, 11-16; and Deuteronomy 6:4-9 and 11:13-21) that mandate awareness of God. ... Rather, the tefillin are meant to induce consciousness of God.
Ezekiel 9:4 and the Lord said to him, "Go through the midst of the city, through the midst of Jerusalem, and put a mark on the foreheads of the men who sigh and cry over all the abominations that are done within it."
[Exo 13:10-12] "You shall therefore keep this ordinance in its season from year to year. "And it shall be, when the LORD brings you into the land of the Canaanites, as He swore to you and your fathers, and gives it to you, "that you shall set apart to the LORD all that open the womb, that is, every firstborn that comes from an animal which you have; the males [shall be] the LORD's.
[Exo 13:13] "But every firstborn of a donkey you shall redeem with a lamb; and if you will not redeem [it], then you shall break its neck. And all the firstborn of man among your sons you shall redeem.
[Exo 13:14] "So it shall be, when your son asks you in time to come, saying, 'What [is] this?' that you shall say to him, 'By strength of hand the LORD brought us out of Egypt, out of the house of bondage.
[Exo 13:15] 'And it came to pass, when Pharaoh was stubborn about letting us go, that the LORD killed all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both the firstborn of man and the firstborn of beast. Therefore I sacrifice to the LORD all males that open the womb, but all the firstborn of my sons I redeem.'
[Exo 13:16] "It shall be as a sign on your hand and as frontlets between your eyes, for by strength of hand the LORD brought us out of Egypt."
[Exo 13:17] Then it came to pass, when Pharaoh had let the people go, that God did not lead them [by] way of the land of the Philistines, although that [was] near; for God said, "Lest perhaps the people change their minds when they see war, and return to Egypt."
[Exo 13:18] So God led the people around [by] way of the wilderness of the Red Sea. And the children of Israel went up in orderly ranks out of the land of Egypt.
[Exo 13:19] And Moses took the bones of Joseph with him, for he had placed the children of Israel under solemn oath, saying, "God will surely visit you, and you shall carry up my bones from here with you."
[Exo 13:20-22] So they took their journey from Succoth and camped in Etham at the edge of the wilderness. And the LORD went before them by day in a pillar of cloud to lead the way, and by night in a pillar of fire to give them light, so as to go by day and night. He did not take away the pillar of cloud by day or the pillar of fire by night [from] before the people.
[Exo 14:1-2] Now the LORD spoke to Moses, saying: "Speak to the children of Israel, that they turn and camp before Pi Hahiroth, between Migdol and the sea, opposite Baal Zephon; you shall camp before it by the sea.
- Pi-hahiroth = "place where sedge grows" a grasslike plant with triangular stems and inconspicuous flowers, growing typically in wet ground.
- Migdol: Tower or elevated stage
- Baal Zephon: The only god of Egypt Jehovah did not destroy during the 10 plagues. B'irati Dapuna; Egyptian storm god: Pharoah said, “This idol is indeed mighty, and the God of Israel is powerless over him.”
[Exo 14:3] "For Pharaoh will say of the children of Israel, 'They [are] bewildered by the land; the wilderness has closed them in.'
[Exo 14:4] "Then I will harden Pharaoh's heart, so that he will pursue them; and I will gain honor over Pharaoh and over all his army, that the Egyptians may know that I [am] the LORD." And they did so.
[Exo 14:5] Now it was told the king of Egypt that the people had fled, and the heart of Pharaoh and his servants was turned against the people; and they said, "Why have we done this, that we have let Israel go from serving us?"
[Exo 14:6-8] So he made ready his chariot and took his people with him. Also, he took six hundred choice chariots, and all the chariots of Egypt with captains over every one of them. And the LORD hardened the heart of Pharaoh king of Egypt, and he pursued the children of Israel; and the children of Israel went out with boldness.
[Exo 14:9] So the Egyptians pursued them, all the horses [and] chariots of Pharaoh, his horsemen and his army, and overtook them camping by the sea beside Pi Hahiroth, before Baal Zephon.
[Exo 14:10] And when Pharaoh drew near, the children of Israel lifted their eyes, and behold, the Egyptians marched after them. So they were very afraid, and the children of Israel cried out to the LORD.
[Exo 14:11] Then they said to Moses, "Because [there were] no graves in Egypt, have you taken us away to die in the wilderness? Why have you so dealt with us, to bring us up out of Egypt?
[Exo 14:12] "[Is] this not the word that we told you in Egypt, saying, 'Let us alone that we may serve the Egyptians'? For [it would have been] better for us to serve the Egyptians than that we should die in the wilderness." So you wanna go back to Egypt
[Exo 14:13] And Moses said to the people, "Do not be afraid. Stand still, and see the salvation of the LORD, which He will accomplish for you today. For the Egyptians whom you see today, you shall see again no more forever.
[Exo 14:14] "The LORD will fight for you, and you shall hold your peace."
[Exo 14:15] And the LORD said to Moses, "Why do you cry to Me? Tell the children of Israel to go forward.
[Exo 14:16] "But lift up your rod, and stretch out your hand over the sea and divide it. And the children of Israel shall go on dry [ground] through the midst of the sea.
[Exo 14:17-18] "And I indeed will harden the hearts of the Egyptians, and they shall follow them. So I will gain honor over Pharaoh and over all his army, his chariots, and his horsemen. "Then the Egyptians shall know that I [am] the LORD, when I have gained honor for Myself over Pharaoh, his chariots, and his horsemen."
[Exo 14:19] And the Angel of God, who went before the camp of Israel, moved and went behind them; and the pillar of cloud went from before them and stood behind them. Genesis 31:11. The angel of God calls out to Jacob in a dream and tells him "I am the God of Bethel" Malakh Elohim in Hebrew the word malak means “messenger,” especially the envoy of a leader or king who communicates the king's wishes and represents the king
[Exo 14:20] So it came between the camp of the Egyptians and the camp of Israel. Thus it was a cloud and darkness [to the one], and it gave light by night [to the other], so that the one did not come near the other all that night.
[Exo 14:21-22] Then Moses stretched out his hand over the sea; and the LORD caused the sea to go [back] by a strong east wind all that night, and made the sea into dry [land], and the waters were divided. So the children of Israel went into the midst of the sea on the dry [ground], and the waters [were] a wall to them on their right hand and on their left.
[Exo 14:23] And the Egyptians pursued and went after them into the midst of the sea, all Pharaoh's horses, his chariots, and his horsemen.
[Exo 14:24] Now it came to pass, in the morning watch, that the LORD looked down upon the army of the Egyptians through the pillar of fire and cloud, and He troubled the army of the Egyptians.
[Exo 14:25] And He took off their chariot wheels, so that they drove them with difficulty; and the Egyptians said, "Let us flee from the face of Israel, for the LORD fights for them against the Egyptians."
[Exo 14:26] Then the LORD said to Moses, "Stretch out your hand over the sea, that the waters may come back upon the Egyptians, on their chariots, and on their horsemen."
[Exo 14:27-28] And Moses stretched out his hand over the sea; and when the morning appeared, the sea returned to its full depth, while the Egyptians were fleeing into it. So the LORD overthrew the Egyptians in the midst of the sea. Then the waters returned and covered the chariots, the horsemen, [and] all the army of Pharaoh that came into the sea after them. Not so much as one of them remained.
[Exo 14:29] But the children of Israel had walked on dry [land] in the midst of the sea, and the waters [were] a wall to them on their right hand and on their left.
[Exo 14:30] So the LORD saved Israel that day out of the hand of the Egyptians, and Israel saw the Egyptians dead on the seashore.
[Exo 14:31] Thus Israel saw the great work which the LORD had done in Egypt; so the people feared the LORD, and believed the LORD and His servant Moses.